Oil applied for lubrication plays a significant cooling role. The oil cooler receives the lubricant’s heat and exchanges it with the ambient air or the radiator coolant. It is typically the automatic gearbox oil that needs a dedicated oil cooler. Vehicles, driving with engine oil that is cooled by a separate exchanger, is a common sight. Especially in high-performing or downsized engine vehicles, a dedicated oil cooler is an important part of the system.
In some vehicle models, the oil cooler is built into the radiator water tank. Here, the coolant plays a supportive role to the heat exchange process. In modern vehicles, an automatic gearbox oil cooler is often designed as a stand-alone unit, mounted separately in the engine compartment or on the engine block.
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